Later made more famous by Elvis Presley , Perkins' original version was an early rock 'n' roll standard. In the early s there was heavy competition among Memphis area bands playing an audience-savvy mix of covers, original songs, and hillbilly flavored blues. One source mentions both local disc jockey Dewey Phillips and Sam Phillips as being influential. Scotty Moore remembers that, "You could play They didn't care what instruments you had, as long as people could dance.
But of more historical significance were the then-unknown artists who came to perform at the Jamboree. Every Saturday night in , the dressing rooms backstage were a gathering place where musicians would come together and experiment with new sounds—mixing fast country, gospel, blues and boogie woogie. Guys were bringing in new "licks" that they had developed and were teaching them to other musicians and were learning new "licks" from yet other musicians backstage. Soon these new sounds began to make their way out onto the stage of the Jamboree where they found a very receptive audience.
Younger musicians around Memphis were beginning to play a mix of musical styles. Paul Burlison , for one, was playing in nondescript hillbilly bands in the very early s.
The time slot was adjacent to Howlin' Wolf 's and the music quickly became a curious blend of blues, country and what would become known as rockabilly music. In and the Burnettes Johnny and Dorsey and Burlison played around Memphis and established a reputation for wild music.
According to Burlison, " They played with Doc McQueen's swing band at the Hideaway Club but hated the type of music played by "chart musicians.
The trio released " Train Kept A-Rollin' " in , listed by Rolling Stone magazine as one of the top rock songs of all time , having been covered by the Yardbirds , Aerosmith , and many others. Many consider this recording to be the first intentional use of a distortion guitar on a rock song, which was played by lead guitarist Paul Burlison.
Many rockabilly guitarists and historians now accept that on many of the classic recordings Johnny Burnette did in Nashville for Decca it was the legendary "A Team" of Grady Martin on guitar, Bob Moore on bass and Buddy Harmann on drums   backing Johnny and Dorsey on vocals the author of this comment has had discussions with Bob Moore where he confirms this.
In all likelihood both Paul Burlison and Grady Martin played on some of the Nashville recordings, with who played what lost in the mists of time. The use of distortion on a rock'n'roll record was more accurately "Rocket 88" by Jackie Brenston and the Delta Cats. The legend of how the sound came about says that guitarist Willy Kizart's amplifier was damaged on Highway 61 when the band was driving from Mississippi to Memphis, Tennessee.
An attempt was made to hold the cone in place by stuffing the amplifier with wadded newspapers, which unintentionally created a distorted sound; Phillips liked the sound and used it. Robert Palmer has written that the amplifier "had fallen from the top of the car", and attributes this information to Sam Phillips. However, in a recorded interview at the Experience Music Project in Seattle, Washington, Ike Turner stated that the amplifier was in the trunk of the car and that rain may have caused the damage; he is certain that it did not fall from the roof of the car.
Presley's first recording, a blues song titled " That's All Right Mama ", was previously recorded in by Arthur Crudup. Record Producer Sam Phillips was told by country deejays that Presley's "That's Alright Mama" was "black music" and lamented they would be "run out of town" for playing it. When the song was finally played by one rogue deejay, Dewey Phillips ,  Presley's recording created so much excitement it was described as having waged war on segregated radio stations.
All of Presley's early records combined a blues song on one side and a country song on the other, but both sung in the same vein. Whether you like it or not, there will always be an Elvis Presley.
Presley's first, historical recordings took place at Sun Records , a small independent label run by Sam Phillips in Memphis, Tennessee. For several years, Phillips had been recording and releasing performances by blues and country musicians in the area.
One young man who came to record himself as a surprise for his mother, he claimed, was Elvis Presley. According to Phillips, "Ninety-five percent of the people I had been working with were black, most of them of course no name people. Elvis fit right in. He was born and raised in poverty. He was around people that had very little in the way of worldly goods.
Presley made enough of an impression that Phillips deputized guitarist Scotty Moore , who then enlisted bassist Bill Black , both from the Starlight Wranglers, a local western swing band, to work with the green young Elvis.
During a break on July 5, , Elvis "jumped up Scotty and Bill began playing along. Excited, Phillips told them to "back up and start from the beginning. Presley's Sun recordings feature his vocals and rhythm guitar, Bill Black's percussive slapped bass, and Scotty Moore on an amplified guitar.
Slap bass had been a staple of both Western Swing and Hillbilly Boogie since the s. Commenting on his own guitar playing, Scotty Moore said, "All I can tell you is I just stole from every guitar player I heard over the years. Put it in my data bank. An' when I played that's just what come out. Scotty Moore described their first session, resulting in the recording of "That's Alright Mama":. We were taking a break and, all of sudden, Elvis started singing this song, jumping around and acting the fool.
Then Bill Black picked up his bass and began acting the fool too, and I started playing with them. Sam had the door to the control room open, and stuck his head out and said, 'What are you doing? He said, 'Well, back up. Try to find a place to start, and do it again'. So we kinda talked it over and figured out a little bit what we were doin'. We ran it again, and of course Sam is listenin'. It was basically a rhythm record.
It wasn't any great thing. It wasn't Sam tellin' him what to do. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Romantic Evening Sex All Themes. Articles Features Interviews Lists. Streams Videos All Posts. My Profile. Advanced Search. Release Date August 31, Track Listing. Good Golly Miss Molly. Rockin' Robin.
Sign in Sign up. We've sent you an email with a link to update your password. No account yet? Create an Account Login. Amid the limited vitality of late s and early s British rock and roll, there were some more dynamic acts. These included Billy Fury , whose rockabilly -style compositions, aided by the guitar of Joe Brown , on his "masterpiece"  LP Sound of Fury are considered some of the best work of the era. Several of the most lasting and innovative British records of the period were produced by Joe Meek.
British rock and roll declined sharply in the face of the new beat music after There have been periodic revivals of British rock and roll, with a successful revival starting in the mid s, that saw highly nostalgic pop acts like Showaddywaddy and Alvin Stardust who, as Shane Fenton, had enjoyed chart success in the early s ,  enjoy a number of Top Ten hits in the UK charts.
The revival continued in the s, mainly due to the popularity of Shakin' Stevens , who became the UK's "most successful singles chart act of the s",   and appeared frequently on children's television shows such as The Basil Brush Show and Razzmatazz. In general, early British rock and roll was a second-class product and made little impact on the American market, where British acts before were almost unknown. In Britain too their significance was limited.
British rhythm and blues bands like the Rolling Stones and the Yardbirds deliberately turned away from rock and roll towards its sources in America, and even the subsequent generation of beat bands that owed much more to rock and roll, frequently covered songs by American artists like Chuck Berry , but rarely used material from British acts. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the general history of rock music in Britain, see British rock. You Made Me Love You. Hot Rock.
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