Heuliez built and sold van conversions as Le Car Van. The rear side panels were replaced with plastic panels that included round porthole windows, as well as a new small window liftgate. The interior was red velour. It was available both in two and four seat versions.
Between and about Le Car Vans were built. The Renault 5 Alpine version was raced in Group 2. In the Monte Carlo, Renault 5 Alpines came second and third overall, despite a powerful team entry from Fiat and Lancia.
For , a rally Group 4 later Group B version was introduced. It was named the Renault 5 Turbo , but being mid-engined and rear wheel drive, this car bore little technical resemblance to the road-going version.
Though retaining the shape and general look of the 5, only the door panels were shared with the standard version. The 2WD R5 turbo soon had to face the competition of new 4WD cars that proved to be faster on dirt; however, it remained among the fastest of its era on tarmac.
In the Sepand PK went on sale: for this version the Sepand's Renault 5 platform was replaced with that of a Kia Pride , while a modified version of the Renault 5's bodywork was kept. Assembly in South Africa began in late , in Durban. The car was built in Toyota's local plant and sold through their network. Claimed output is These received fabric interior, side stripes, a vinyl roof, and more sound deadening and other comfort details.
The LSS also got a central console and a full-length fabric sunroof. Many extras used in Europe, such as a rear window wiper and a tachometer, were not available in South Africa because it would make it impossible to meet local content regulations. The second generation R5, marketed as the Supercinq or "Superfive" , launched in October — within 18 months of Ford , General Motors , Peugeot , Fiat and Nissan launching competitors in the supermini sector.
It was initially only available with a three-door body, which led to a somewhat slow introduction. The bodyshell and platform were completely new the platform was based on that of the larger Renault 9 and 11 , and R5 aesthetic remained; styling was by Marcello Gandini. The new body was wider and longer with 20 percent more glass area, more interior space, and a lower drag coefficient 0.
The five-door version arrived in May Diesel versions arrived in November , mostly completing the range. Renault used the naturally aspirated 1. The Baccara and GTX versions also used the 1. The latter was effectively the same but the leather interior was an option and there were other detail changes. As with the previous generation, the 5 Turbo was again assembled at the Alpine plant in Dieppe , where forty cars per day were constructed in In , the R5 was effectively replaced by the Clio , which was a sales success across Europe.
Production of the R5 was transferred to the Revoz factory in Yugoslavia since , Slovenia when the Clio was launched.
It remained on sale with only 1. The GT Turbo, with its turbocharged 1. A new, catalyzed 1. The most common variant available after the Clio had been introduced was a minimally equipped budget choice called the R5 Campus, until the car's year production run finally came to an end in It also marked the end of the R5 designation after nearly 25 years, and the end of number designations for Renault cars which had been in use for much of the company's history.
The Campus sold more strongly in the United Kingdom than elsewhere, because the Renault Twingo that addressed the same market, was only sold in LHD form and only in mainland Europe.
A " hot hatch " version, the GT Turbo, was introduced in February It was turbocharged with an air-cooled Garrett T2 turbocharger. To differentiate it from the standard 5, it came with blocky plastic side skirts. Turbo lag was an issue, along with poor hot starting, and was considered rather difficult to control. The same engine was used, with similar issues, in the Renault 9 and 11 Turbos.
The regular litre 9. The aerodynamic 5. In , the facelifted Phase II was launched. It also received a new ignition system which permitted it to rev rpm higher. The was available with a 2. The models became the number one selling car in the United States. In , the previous generation full-size Chevrolet was the third best-seller. More than , full-size Chevrolets were produced for the model year, with the most popular model being the four-door Caprice Classic sedan , produced.
By more than 1 million downsized Chevrolets had been produced. Auto publications agreed with the public reception, with Motor Trend awarding the Chevrolet Caprice Car of the Year.
Car and Driver declared "Even the most jaded car critics are in fact tripping over each other trying to be the first to anoint this sedan to be the best full-sized Chevrolet ever made.
The engine line-up remained unchanged, but numerically lower axle ratios were used in an attempt to boost fuel economy. The and engines went from a standard 2.
An optional 3. A larger brake booster was also added to help reduce braking effort. The models continued with only minor refinements. Again the front and rear styling was refreshed slightly. The change to the was a result of switching from the larger Rochester 2GC carburetor to the smaller Rochester Dualjet carburetor. The engine was unchanged. The Caprice Classic saw its first major revision since the downsizing.
To further improve the fuel economy of the car, efforts were made to reduce weight and improve aerodynamics. The Caprice received new exterior sheet metal, without drastically changing the look of the car.
To improve aerodynamics the hood was tapered lower, while the trunk area was higher. The grille was now an egg crate style while the tail-light panel featured three separate square lights per side. All the doors and components within were redesigned to be lighter, including the window crank mechanisms, which now used a tape drive mechanism.
The new styling increased the trunk capacity of both coupes and sedans to A new frame lift jack replaced the bumper-mounted model. Easy-roll radial tires, improved anti-corrosion measures, low friction ball joints, and larger front suspension bushings were also new for Puncture-sealant tires and cornering lights were new options.
California emission cars used the Buick 3. The Chevrolet 3. Although the 3. The 3. The base V8 engine was new for The 4. This engine had a Rochester Dualjet carburetor, and was not available in California. To further increase fuel economy, all transmissions were equipped with an electronically controlled lock-up torque converter clutch. Styling was unchanged other than the grille which remained egg crate style but now had larger sections.
Refinements included redesigned front disc brakes for less drag and a translucent plastic master cylinder reservoir. The cruise control became equipped with a resume feature, while wire wheel covers had locking bolts to secure them in place. The engine line-up remained unchanged, although the 3. All engines were updated with the Computer Command Control CCC system which included an electronically metered carburetor.
This change occurred in for California emission cars and did not occur to Canadian emission cars until The model line-up was reduced by one, with the Caprice Landau coupe dropped. Remaining were the sedan, sport coupe, six-passenger wagon, and the eight-passenger wagon. A new four-speed automatic overdrive transmission with a lock-up torque converter joined the powertrain line-up. This transmission helped boost highway fuel economy, while improving city performance with a 3.
The engine line-up and power ratings remained unchanged. The cubic-inch Diesel V8 engine was now available on all models. No two-door models were produced, leaving only the four-door and the eight-passenger station wagon, since the 6-passenger wagon also left the line-up. The model year saw the return of the two-door sport coupe making a three model line-up.
Styling remained unchanged. The windshield washer controls were moved from the dashboard to the turn signal stalk to create the multi-stalk. An optional Landau package included a vinyl roof, sport mirrors, and reveal moldings.
Powertrain availability and power ratings were unchanged for While this car bore Pontiac emblems and trim similar to the pre Bonneville, it was a Caprice in every other way. Pontiac dealers gained a full-size car again and buyers did not seem to mind that the car was virtually the same as the contemporary Caprice. It sold well enough to remain available until for the sedan and for the Safari station wagon. The interior was updated for , marking its most significant update since The shaft-style radio was replaced with a more modern DIN-and-a-half style radio, while the pull-out headlight switch was replaced by a push-button style switch.
The climate controls were updated with rotary switches for the fan and rear window defroster replacing the toggle style switches. The instruments were updated to have a more modern appearance, with a horizontal speedometer while a round speedometer was included with the optional gauge package.
The engine line-up saw major changes for This engine came standard with a three-speed automatic but was available with the four-speed automatic overdrive transmission. The 5. From to , the Caprice was the only sedan riding on the B platform; all other sedans had been discontinued or transferred to the smaller, front-wheel-drive H platform. The front fascia was restyled to have a more aerodynamic look: the Caprice emblem was no longer a standup hood ornament, but was an emblem located on the vertical area directly above the grill in the center of the front fascia.
A smaller grille with prominent vertical chrome divider bars replaced the larger previous egg-crate grille. The redesigned front end still had two side-by-side rectangular sealed beam headlamps, as had been used on the Caprice since ; the taillights were restyled, but continued to have three chambers—another long-running Caprice styling cue.
New aerodynamic side-view mirrors were used. The car's sheetmetal remained otherwise unchanged. The former Impala was rebranded as "Caprice" without "Classic" appended , unifying all full-size Chevrolets under a single model name for the first time since the early s. Still available was a Caprice Classic four-door sedan, coupe and eight-passenger station wagon, while a new Brougham four-door sedan joined the model line-up. Power window controls for all models moved from the door panel to the armrest for improved ergonomics.
This engine was used in all GM B-body station wagons from this point on to simplify production. The models received minor styling revisions: composite aerodynamic headlamps replaced the formerly sealed beam bulbs, and a standup hood ornament returned. A simulated woodgrain dashboard finish, last used on the models, returned. Leather upholstery was a newly available option for Brougham and Brougham LS sedans, which also had a new pillow-style seating design and a folding center armrest in the back seat.
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The LeBarons started in the s during the automobile's Classic era and competed directly with the luxury brands of its day such as Lincoln , Cadillac , and Packard. In the mids, Chrysler added a radical new "Art Deco" design shape, known as the Airflow Imperials, to the Chrysler line.
The high-end CW series were supplied by LeBaron. The design features were considered advanced and perhaps ahead of their time. However, the shape was too radical for buyer's tastes and non-Airflow models outsold Airflows by about 3 to 1. Raymond Dietrich , co-founder and former stylist at LeBaron, was hired in to be Chrysler's in-house stylist. Dietrich restyled the Airflow line and Chryslers moved to more mainstream styles.
As a result of the poor Airflow sales, Chrysler design actually became quite conservative for the next two decades. Auto manufacturers continued to build up their in-house styling departments and bodyworks, with the result that LeBaron became less important to most of its customers for design ideas and bodies.
Chrysler became their biggest customer, with additional bodies built for Packard , Hudson , and Graham-Paige. During the late s and early s, the LeBaron name and division became less important for Briggs, although it remained a division of Briggs until the Chrysler buy-out in LeBaron's last projects for Chrysler were two concept cars: the Chrysler Newport Phaeton, a super-streamlined dual cowl phaeton with an aluminum body and the remarkable Chrysler Thunderbolt,  a sleek roadster with concealed headlights and a retractable metal hardtop  styled by Alex Tremulis , who went on to later style part of the legendary Tucker of Only 6 of each were made.
The Chrysler Corporation spun off the Imperial as a separate luxury make and division in LeBaron was designated the top of the line Imperial models from through Vehicles branded "LeBaron" were the top model of the Imperial line, followed by the mid-line "Crown" and a short-lived nameless base model "Custom" from to ; with "Southampton" being a sub-designation applied to all pillarless hardtops.
The Imperial LeBarons were made to compete directly with competitor's luxury brands that included Continental , Cadillac , and Packard , as was the case during the s. The last Imperial model was assembled in June , the discontinuation resulting from dwindling sales due to a recession , the effects of the s energy crisis , and the United States Congress having passed the Energy Policy and Conservation Act , establishing Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards.
Although the LeBaron model name had been used before on Imperials , this was the first time the name was used as a Chrysler model. The coupes differed more substantially; where the F-body models utilized a Engines consisted of the cid Slant Six, the V8, and the V8.
Most were equipped with the 3-speed Torqueflite automatic transmission, but a four-speed manual gearbox with an overdrive fourth gear was offered with the two smaller engines until In , the LeBaron was reskinned for the model year to gain more crisp sheet metal, gaining a waterfall grille, new headlight fascias, and more angular taillamps.
The rear roofline was also made shorter and steeper. The 2-door coupe received new smooth rear sheetmetal, that replaced the old curved rear panels, and was moved to the On the inside, enhancements were made to the interior to make it more luxurious.
Also that year, a limited edition "Fifth Avenue" package was available with an altered roofline and additional content; only LeBarons were produced with this package, all converted by the American Sunroof Corporation.
This was replaced by a new M-body Plymouth Gran Fury for , keeping Chrysler-Plymouth dealers in the competition for law enforcement contracts. The LeBaron model name was moved to the new front-wheel drive K-platform for the model year. The M-body wagons and coupes were discontinued after M-body Fifth Avenue production continued through little changed from the vintage LeBaron sedan.
For , the LeBaron moved to the front-wheel drive Chrysler K platform , where it was the upscale brand's lowest priced offering. There exist also some interior and exterior differences between the American and Chinese models.
For , the Regal added a new Sport Touring Edition which included unique 18" aluminum black pocket wheels and a rear lip spoiler. The eAssist system is standard in the LaCrosse 2. Changes for the GS include revised interior and exterior, a drop in power to match that of the CXL Turbo, and available an all-wheel drive option offered for the 2.
The six-speed manual transmission is still offered, but only in the front-wheel drive variant. Buick's VentiPorts have reappeared starting with models, a styling feature unique to Buick that dates back to Several new safety features were added for the year, which include forward collision warning, lane-departure warning, blind-spot monitoring, rear cross-traffic alert, and a following-distance indicator. The foregoing are all part of a Driver Confidence package, while collision preparation, which pre-loads the brake system ahead of an imminent collision, and adaptive cruise control are available separately.
On April 4, , an all-new sixth generation Buick Regal was introduced at GM's Design Dome in Warren, Michigan as a model in both liftback and station wagon versions. Buick Regal began sales in China on July 21, The fastback version of the Regal, now branded as Regal Sportback, is the replacement for the Regal sedan.
While the roofline is similar to that of its predecessor, the new liftback configuration provides added utility. The station wagon variant, named Regal TourX, was also introduced and went on sale at the same time as the hatchback, marking the first time since the demise of the Roadmaster in that Buick had a station wagon in its lineup. The GS is the performance version of sixth generation Regal.
This generation of GS sports a 3. In December , General Motors announced that it would end production of the Buick Regal for North America following the model year , citing the popularity of the brand's sport utility vehicles SUVs , which have contributed to declining sales of Buick's passenger cars, also ending years of Buick car production.
However, despite the discontinuation of the Regal in North America , Buick will continue to produce the Regal for the Chinese market, where the vehicle recently received a mid-cycle facelift. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Mid-sized car model. Motor vehicle. North America: — China: — Philippines: — Main article: Chevrolet Lumina. See also: Opel Insignia. Buick LaCrosse Chevrolet Malibu. Petrol : 1. Retrieved Retrieved 4 December Car and Driver. Archived from the original on June 30, Hearst Magazines. March Ward's Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on Fabini's Auto Trim Co.
General Motors Company. Also in , the company entered into a joint venture agreement with Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation SAIC in China, laying the foundation for unprecedented growth over the next few years. Four years later, the Buick Regal was being assembled in China for the Chinese market United States Environmental Protection Agency. More than 60 percent of Regal Turbo customers alone are younger than 55, according to Power Information Network data. Paul Tan's Automotive News. Driven Media Sdn Bhd.
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